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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  February 1, 2013 2:30pm-3:00pm PST

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more. as he tries to make his way into the building. saying good-bye to the secretary. hillary clinton bids farewell to the state department after four years at the helm. >> i hope that you will continue to make yourselves, make me and make our country proud. thank you all and god bless you. >> and seven years after hurricane katrina, the superdome in new orleans gets ready to host the super bowl in the big easy signature style. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. tonight the obama administration denounces the assault on the u.s. embassy in turkey as a terrorist attack. a suicide bomber blew himself up at a security gate killing a
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turkish security guard and injuring those nearby. according to turkish prime minister, an outlawed marxist group is responsible for the violence. our james reynolds is on the scene and filed this report. >> america's foreign missions are as much fortresses as embassies. this is why. this afternoon, a suicide bomber got to the gate of the u.s. embassy but but no further. his explosives detonated as a checkpoint. the bomber and a turkish security guard were killed. >> i wasn't sure what the explosion was. so i ran to see. they were body parts on the road. arms and legs but i didn't want to look any further. >> the attack on the embassy makes for a bitter last day of work for america's chief diplomats. >> i spoke with the ambassador and the team there. i spoke with my turkish
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counterparts and i told them how much we valued their commitment and their sacrifice. >> this is not the first time that western targets in curky have been hit -- turkey have been hit. in 2003 truck bombs hit targets in istanbul, including the u.k. consulate. those attacks were carried out by al qaeda affiliated groups. turkey says that this u.s. embassy attack was carried out by a leftist militant organization. the effect is the same. >> america is the target, there are nationalist, left wing group, as well as islamists in tushy who are not happy with their relationship with washington. >> >> this attack may not damage that alliance but it may force america to increase its security here. and elsewhere. a retreat behind fortress walls
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would hurt u.s. diplomacy. turkey is a nato country and it's one of america's most important allies in this region. for the u.s., that makes this attack all the more painful. even on allied territory, a diplomat cannot feel safe. james reynolds, bbc news. >> for more on today's attack, i spoke a brief time ago with a director of theture concern research program at the washington institute. turkish officials say this bombing was linked to left wing militants in turkey. why would they attack the u.s. embassy? >> left wing tradition in turkey, rooted in turkey's marxist movements in the 1970's, is famously anti-american and although since the 1907s a collapse of communism these radical movements have been smaller in size, they were once movements with tens of thousands of people. they're still anti-american and
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i think we've seen a deployment of nato patriot missiles in turkey to guard turkey against instability from syria, so this never lent but kind of -- veer lent but kind of marginalized trend has been mobilized with the presence of u.s. troops and with the arrival of americans. >> so this is definitely related to the civil war in syria? >> it is a spillover of syria into turkey in an unexpected way. obviously through unfortunately a number of casualties and i think you are seeing the radical left in turkey, at least parts of it, let's say, rise from its ashes. >> is it possible that this group could have been subcontracted in some way by al qaeda? >> that's hard to say. because i think, first, we need to confirm that this is in fact a revolutionary group that the turkish police said is behind the attack. then i think people will start looking for outside sources. obviously people will say, who would be interested in hurting turkey at this stage or hurting turkish-u.s. cooperation or rallying turkish public opinion against u.s. presence in turkey. one could look for actors such
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as the iranians and al qaeda but that would be a far stretch right now to assume that. question say for sure that this looks like -- we say for sure that this looks like -- >> u.s. and diplomatic facilities in turkey have been targeted in the past, haven't me? >> they have been and in fact while the british posts have been targeted by al qaeda, american posts have typically been targeted exclusively almost by radical marxist groups. this happened in 2002. u.s.a. consulate was attacked. it happened during the first golf war. when there was u.s. troop deployment in turkey and actually two american personnel were killed by the same group and other various factions have targeted u.s. personnel in the past. >> this is the second deadly attack on a u.s. diplomatic building in five months. isn't it? >> it is. unfortunately. and the good news is that this is a very fringe group. it's a marginal group. it does not have representation across the broader turkish society. most turks have turned away from this kind of radical violent movement and the other
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piece of good news is that the u.s. embassy has excellent perimeter defense. the attackers were not able to get close to the embassy. unfortunately they did kill a security guard and wounded another person. but it shows that their ability to hurt turkey and tush i, society is -- turkish society is really limited. this is an attack where the attacker destroys himself or herself but does very little otherwise. it just shows they're very ideologically committed strain of violence. >> thank you for joining us. >> thank you very much. >> in egypt thousands of antigovernment protesters have renewed their marches in cairo and other cities. they've there have been a number of clashes with security forces who have been firing tear gas and water canners. but after more than a week of unrest, president morsi has issued a statement saying those behind the violence will be held politically accountability -- accountable. >> flashes on the doorstep of the presidential palace.
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the fires from the cocktails thrown, a message to muhammad morsi. the people feel betrayed. the revolution was supposed to turn egypt into a country where everyone prospered. and where there was justice. for these people who gathered earlier in their new regular friday rituals, reform is coming far too slowly. >> we're back to another demonstration in tahrir square. of course piece people feel passionately about wanting to change things. there are many, many egyptians who feel demonstrations like this are counterproductive and need to stop. ahmed is one of those who feel that after so many decades of dictatorship, the new president needs more time to fix things. >> right nouts not the right time to do this anymore. i mean, egypt really does need all the people to take charge
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right now. it's in the healing period. >> but the opposition demonstrators insist this is just the continuation of the revolution. until they get the egypt they want. what do you say to those people who are saying, look, we need stability more than anything? we don't need more disruption. >> well, i think this sort of demands should be made toward the president who is taking the decisions. >> tonight egyptian tv has been showing what appears to be a demonstrator being stripped, beaten and dragged across the ground by the security forces. protesters who say this is what they were fighting to stop are promising more action. the president says there will be even tougher retaliation. >> to china now where a truck carrying fireworks has exploded on an elevated highway.
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part of the road collapsed. vehicles were sent flying into the air and plunged 30 meters into the valley below. at least five people are known to have been killed but the figure is hard to verify as we now report. >> the laurie ladened with fireworks was passing over a high elevated section of road when it exploded. the force of the blast is said to have blown cars into the air. others came down with the collapsing highway, falling 30 meters into the valley below. china's official state-run news agency reported that a total of 25 vehicles had been vovened. in the runup to chinese new year, there is a huge demand for fireworks, of course, and they are sometimes transported and stored in unsafe conditions. a store room explosion in the same province back in 2006 killed 36 people and injured dozens more. the explosion is likely to effect travel in the country's
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central hue unanimous province and beyond. the holiday sees tens of millions of migrant workers returning to their home villages and the road is one of china's main east-west highways. >> let's take a look at other news now. the latest unemployment data in america's been released. it shows that 157,000 jobs were created last month. jobs rose in the retail, construction and health care. but employment in manufacturing remains stagnant. despite those new jobs, the overall unemployment figure increased slightly from 7.8% to 7 dt 9%. that jobs news was one of the facts that are helped push the dow jones index up nearly 150 points at above 14,000 for the first time since 2007. before the financial crisis began. this marks the ninth time in history the dow has closed above that illusive 14,000 mark.
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google has settled a long-term dispute with french media companies over the internet giant's right to use content that it didn't produce. in a deal signed by the president and google boss, google will set up an $82 million fund to help old media adapt to the digital age. publishers in germany are still involved in a similar dispute. after four years of leading the u.s. state department, today hillary clinton formally turned into her resignation. speaking to her staff one last time, she issued her thanks and ended them to carry on their -- encouraged thome carry on their work for the -- them to carry on their work for the country and the president. how will she be remembered? the bbc's state department correspondent looks back at her legacy. >> she's one of the most recognized and respected women in the world. after four years as secretary
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of state, hillary clinton leaves the job with close to 70% approval rating. >> i am going to miss it. i'm going to miss the people i worked with here, i'm going to misrepresenting my country when that blue and white plane with the united states of america lands, i'm going to miss making the progress that we made over the last four years in restoring american leadership and solving problems and setting out long-term challenges. it's very exciting and very moving. >> the biggest of all, the arab revolutions. clinton and the obama administration have de-- have to find their way in the new arab world. in asia clinton helped build new alliances. burma came into the fold. it all took endless meetings with world leaders. >> i think she has established relationships with leaders of some well over 100 nations and so that she can pick up the phone at any time, if there have been crises that thank have been diffused thanks to the relationships she has, they
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know she peeks -- speaks for the american people and the president of the united states and there have been numerous occasions where she has turned what could have been a looming crisis into a situation which was calmed. >> for four years hillary clinton chriscrossed the globe. she visited 112 countries, spent 2,000 hours on a plane and traveled close to one million miles. that's almost 40 times around the world. >> i did enjoy it. i enjoyed the challenge of travel, the unique experiences that we had all over the world. i'm also lucky i can sleep on planes and did so regularly. >> but her critics say she has little to show for her hard work. the reset with russia has malfunctioned, hindering any solution to the violence in syria. and middle east peace is nowhere to be seen. >> i don't think that secretary clinton has been a very
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consequently secretary of state. shi they'll be remembered mostly as a celebrity and a world traveler. a person with the greatest number of frequent flier miles. not for her impact on some huge policy issue, u.s.-russia, u.s.-china, some great crisis. >> clinton believes that's a narrow way of defining her role and the scope of american power. >> my first responsibility was to restore american leadership which had been tattered and damaged. so that was one of the reasons that i was out there day in and day out. and i think we not only reversed that view but we set the table for dealing with a lot of problems. >> for four years hillary clinton worked on the seventh floor of this building and traveled the globe. in the process she evolved from being a politician to being a stateswoman. and she achieved another remarkable feat. she was always popular and polarizing. now she seems to be just popular. with both democrats and republicans.
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when she leaves the state department on friday, clinton will be able to pick any job she wants once she's gotten some rest. and many want her to run for president in 2006. she insists she's -- 2006. she insists she's -- 2016. she insists she's done with politics. at least for now. >> and hillary clinton as i successor, john kerry, was sworn in just a short time ago. you're watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, he was the man never afraid to speak his mind. tonight we look back on the life of ed koch and his lasting impact on new york city. in mexico city, authorities are promising a farrer investigation after 32 people were killed in a blast at mexico's state-owned oil company. >> the blast took place at the worst possible moment.
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in the middle of the afternoon, just as shifts were changing. workers at the state-run energy giant who were in the lobby were caught up in the explosion whicher to through the ground floor -- which tore through the ground floor. emergency services were quickly on the scene and the red cross attended to many of the injured -- injured outside the building. others were taken to nearby hospitals. as the building was evacuated, it soon became clear that the blast had caused significant loss of life and damage. >> we saw the explosion and all the windows in the tower came down. it was very strong. >> we evacuated the tower and i was trapped in the elevator and that scared me. >> large numbers of troops and police have been deployed to help with the rescue operation. the authorities confirmed there were people trapped underneath the rubble. both the president and the mayor of mexico city have visited the scene. the mexican capital is used to experiencing earthquakes. the authorities appear well
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prepared for search and rescue work. sniffer dogs are being used to look for survivors. so far, though, the authorities have remained tight-lipped about the cause of the blast. local media are reporting that it might have been caused by an electrical fault or gas leak in an adjacent building but there's no confirmation nor denial of that. behind this police cordon, the rescue operation is continuing and preparing to carry on throughout the night. still on the scene here, there are family members of missing workers desperately waiting for news of their loved ones. and either way, this is the worst explosion in mexico city for almost 30 years. will grant, bbc news, mexico. >> now to the wise-cracking former mayor of new york who was as colorful and as exuberant as his city. ed koch was known for speaking his mind and taking on his critics.
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after a decade of leading the big apple in the 1980's, he's also remembered for saving the city from near financial ruin. koch died today at the age of 88 from heart failure. he was famous for asking, how am i doing? a brief time ago i asked the new yorkers' john cassidy for his verlander. >> he was great new yorker. when the city was sort of down in the dumps and people thought this was going bankrupt he came up from the streets and said, we're not finished. i can run this place. he put more cops on the street, he stood up to the unions during a big transit strike, he attracted more investment. lots of people didn't like him but they sorted respected his energy and that he wasn't giving up on the city. >> i mean, his supporters say that ed koch changed the narrative of new york from one of decline to one of resurgence. sounds like you think that might be true? >> well, i mean, that's a bit too much. you can't put it all down to him. but he sort of got the ball rolling. he came in as mayor in 1977 and just joined the campaign then.
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there was a big power outage and there was widespread a lotting, pictures went around the world. it seemed like new york was spiraling out of control. the city was nearly bankrupt. one of his first acts was to go down to washington and ask washington to guarantee some new york city bonds. so giuliana played a big role, mayor giuliani in bringing down the crime rate. the current mayor, bloomberg, has done a lot for the city's economy but it was koch who took over when things were at their depths and even people who don't like him i think give him credit for doing that. >> how about his record on race relations she? >> well, it's very controversial. he got elected with support of the black community but then double crossed them. that was why a lot of people didn't like him. he did deals with people and often turned against them. he was also accused of -- and i was living here at the time, he certainly wasn't very sensitive to police brutality and things like that. he tended to take the view of the people in the outer burrow, mostly white new yorkers, who thought things were spiraling
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out of control and he needed a sort of crackdown on crime. so he started off pretty popular with the black community but he didn't end up very popular and it was of course new york's first black mayor who eventually defeated him when he ran for mayor for the third time. >> tell us more about the reaction on the streets of new york today. >> well, i mean, like everybody else, i'm listening to the box pops and maybe there's a bit of selection by us but most of the reports seem to be very positive. the other thing about koch, it's quite a long time now since he resigned as mayor or got voted out as mayor. that was 1989. so he had a second career as a sort of elder statesman and a sort of figure head for the city and sort of pop culture way. i think that also it is zsh did a lot for his reputation. he's always been on the radio and in the newspapers here. and he's seen as like could he jack or seinfeld or somebody. he's seen as the public face of new york. >> john, thank you very much indeed for joining us.
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>> thank you. >> now to the event much of america is waiting for. this weekend the super bowl will take place in new orleans. for the city, it's another step in the long road to recovery after hurricane katrina. in 2005 the storm devastated the city. the superdome, where players will take to the field on sunday, became a shelter back then. our correspondent was there seven years ago. now he's returned for this report. >> music has always kept new orleans alive. there's a lot to play for with the super bowl in town and the eyes of america turning on the city. and the big game in the big easy comes in carve value season. it's also mardi gras, prompting a more sporting touch to the parade floats this time around. a gleaming new superdome is hosting the american football final. you might remember it from
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seven years ago. hurricane katrina almost destroyed the city. and its its stadium-turned-storm shelter. doug was the manager back then. and still is today. >> the water penetrated from right up here at the apeck of the roof. >> conditions inside were appalling. 30,000 people took refuge here in the days after the storm. >> i'll never forget the smell. we had no running water. very little food and water in here. the toilets were overflowing. it was really a horrific place to be. but at the same time there was nowhere to go. >> did you ever think on that day that you'd ever be hosting a super bowl again? >> not in my wildest dreams. i have to be honest with you. when i left here, i thought that perhaps i was leaving for the last time. >> the superdome became a symbol of the terrible things people suffered in the aftermath of hurricane katrina. a sense of abandonment from the government. the fact that it's now opened
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its doors seven years later to america's biggest supporting event is also a symbol of justice how -- sporting event is another symbol of just how far this city has come. even in the lower ninth ward there's a splash of color. however bizarre. a few streets of new homes brad pitt helped to build. but it's not enough. there were thousands of houses here before this levee broke and the whole place was leveled. it's still a wasteland of empty lots and abandoned homes where few have returned. >> this house has been sitting here with this tree on top of it since hurricane katrina. >> vanessa has seen little change. despite all the money pledged to her neighborhood. >> the money that was given by the federal government to give to homeowners to are -- to rebuild in this community has been redirected to upgrades for the superdome. has been redirected for upgrades in the quarter. and downtown new orleans. >> hosting the super bowl in
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the superdome is a huge boost for the city's image and finances. but there's still a great deal to do. when the crowds all go home. >> will the 49ers or ravens triumph on sunday? one thing we do know, beyonce will be sicking ssh singing live this time at half time. that brings today's broadcast to a close but you can continue watching "bbc world news" for constant updates from around the world on our 24-hour news network. simply check your local listings for our channel number. from all of us here at "world news america," thanks for watching. >> make sense of international
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news at >> funding of this presentation was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in. working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> woodruff: the suicide bombing just outside the u.s. embassy in turkey's capital was an "act of terror," said a white house spokesman today. good evening.
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i'm judy woodruff. >> brown: and i'm jeffrey brown. on the newshour tonight, we get the latest on the deadly blast from a reporter on the scene in ankara. >> woodruff: then, margaret warner reports on a widening divide between israelis and palestinians after more than a decade of starts and stops in peace talks. >> warner: thousands of israeli shoppers used to drive up this road to take advantage of the bargains in the palestinian shops just ahead. the popular shopping district has become a virtual ghost town. >> brown: secretary of state hillary clinton logged nearly a million miles visiting more than 100 countries in the last four years. ray suarez examines her legacy. >> woodruff: mark shields and david brooks analyze the week's news. >> brown: and we close with a preview of sunday's big game. npr's mike pesca joins us from new orleans, site of super bowl xlvii. >> woodruff: that's all ahead on tonight's newshour. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by:


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